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Mi 28.10.2015 17:30 - 18:30

Postgasse 7/1/10, Seminarraum

Osamu Maeda

Hunter-Gatherers or Farmers? Early Neolithic lithic technology in southeast Turkey

Institute for Comparative Research in Human and Social Sciences, University of Tsukuba

Chipped stone artefacts used in the Neolithic Near East have often been regarded as chronological and cultural markers. For example, microlith industries commonly seen in the 10th millennium cal. BC in southeast Anatolia have been thought to be tool-kits of hunter-gatherers, which were later replaced by arrowhead industries of Neolithic farmers. However, the results of recent excavations of a sedentary hunter-gatherer village at Hasankeyf Höyük on the upper Tigris haverevealed that Neolithic-type arrowheads used in the Neolithicin this area were initially producedand used by hunter-gatherers in thelocaltradition of microlith industries. This suggests that Neolithic-type arrowheads do not necessarily denote an appearance of Neolithic farming societies and indicates an uninterrupted tradition in lithic industries between hunter-gatherers and farmers. This continuity is also supported by archaeobotanical evidence which postulate the protracted development of agricultural practice and the prolonged subsistence economy that relies on wild plant gathering. Since lithic industries may play a role in creating and maintaining cultural identities of people who use them, it is likely that Early Neolithic people in this area persistently maintained their identity as hunter-gatherers for an extended period.