Wednesday, 27. February 2019, 17:30

New challenges in the research of Dolina, a Late Bronze Age site on the River Sava

Daria Ložnjak Dizdar (Institute of Archaeology, Zagreb) and Mario Gavranović (OREA)

Dolina on Sava is a Late Bronze Age site on the left bank of the River Sava opposite the famous Donja Dolina. The settlement and cemetery under the tumuli in Dolina have been excavated since 2009 by the Institute of Archaeology in Zagreb, Croatia, in cooperation with the Nova Gradiška Town Museum and, since 2014, with OREA Institute (ÖAW). The landscape of the Sava valley consisted of lowlands with marshy areas, where the higher positions – called greda – were settled during prehistory. The main focus of this paper is the LBA settlement research – different methods in field research, new knowledge about settlement stratigraphy, and challenges in the interpretation of the site after the combined interdisciplinary analyses (geophysical survey, radiometric analysis, petrographic analysis, XRF analysis etc.). Some of the results are a complex vertical and horizontal stratigraphy of the settlement, dense settlement activities within 150 years (in radiometric dates), and a detailed typo-chronological analysis of numerous pottery finds within the stratigraphic contexts confirmed by radiometric data. The obtained finds and samples testify about an intense communication network with the neighbouring communities, influenced by the landscape on local and wider levels – the communication across the river towards the Balkans and the natural east-west communication along Sava.