Wednesday, 30. January 2019, 17:30

Upper Paleolithic Research in Romania

Past, Present and Future Prospects

Mircea Anghelinu („Valahia” University, Târgoviște, Romania)

Situated between the Balkans, Central Europe and the eastern Eurasian steppes, present-day Romania with its complex geography exhibits a great variability of (paleo-)climatic settings and a high diversity of geological archives. These favorable settings point to a huge potential for Paleolithic, and particularly Upper Paleolithic research. For decades, unfortunately, due to limited chronometric and contextual data, the local record has been excluded from the mainstream debates concerning the emergence and dynamics of the European Upper Paleolithic. However, the last two decades of research brought an unprecedented array of new data, including paleoanthropological finds and parietal art, and thorough chrono-cultural reassessments, granting the local record an important role in understanding many of the thorny issues of the Upper Paleolithic in East-Central Europe: the emergence and spread of the Aurignacian technocomplex, the expansion of the Gravettian lifeways, and the cultural changes brought by the advent of the Late Glacial Maximum and the subsequent rise of the Epigravettian technocomplex.