Middle Bronze Age pottery from the acropolis of Pheneos/Korinthia


Middle Bronze Age settlement remains were discovered directly underneath the late classical city wall on the eastern plateau of the acropolis of Pheneos. The discovery was made during excavations, which were conducted 2011–2015 under the direction of Priv.-Doz. Dr. Konstantinos Kissas and Univ.-Prof. Dr. Peter Scherrer as part of the cooperative project of the Εφορεία Αρχαιοτήτων Κορινθίας (former: ΛΖ 'Εφορεία Προϊστορικών και Κλασσικών Αρχαιοτήτων) and the Institute of Archaeology/Antiquity Centre at the University of Graz. Contexts and finds are of particular importance because so far only a few Middle Bronze Age sites from this remote part of the Peloponnese are known, many of which were discovered during a survey of the University of the University of Graz in 1995 and 1996.

Excavations that revealed prehistoric findings had also taken place in the 1960s at the south-eastern foot of the acropolis of Pheneos under the direction of Dr. Evangelia Protonotariou-Deïlaki († 2002). The results are only published in preliminary reports, according to which she had excavated a complete Middle Bronze Age settlement sequence.

Also according to the results of the new excavations the acropolis of Pheneos seems to have been inhabited throughout the Middle Bronze Age. The ceramic repertoire covers the typical range of a settlement assemblage with fine wares, household pottery, cooking vessels and storage containers. Due to their location in the centre of the Peloponnese the inhabitants of Pheneos had few contacts to other regions of Greece, as is indicated by the low occurrence of imported pottery. In cooperation with Clare Burke a program dealing with the petrographic analysis of the pottery started in 2016.

Cooperations


  • Eva Alram, OREA (neolithic pottery)
  • Clare Burke, OREA (petrography, Scanning Electron Microscopy )
  • Gerhard Forstenpointner, Veterinärmedizinische Universität Wien (animal bones)
  • Georgia Kordatzaki, Independent Petrographer/Research Associate (Fitch Laboratory, BSA, Athens) (pottery technology, experimental reproduction of some vessels)
  • Christos Matzanas, Εφορεία Αρχαιοτήτων Ηλείας (lithics)
  • Hans Mommsen (Neutron Activation Analysis)
  • Robert Pritz, Universität Graz (metal finds)
  • Michael Schultz, Universität Göttingen (anthropology, palaeopathology)
  • Gerald Weissengruber, Veterinärmedizinische Universität Wien (animal bones)

Publications

Publikationen

  • E. Protonotariou-Deïlaki, Aνασκαφή Φενεού, Archaiologikon Deltion 20 B/1, 1965, 158–159.
  • G. Erath, Neolithische und bronzezeitliche Keramik aus dem Becken von Pheneos in Arkadien, Forum Archaeologiae 8/IX/1998.
  • G. Erath, Archäologische Funde im Becken von Pheneos. In: K. Tausend (Hrsg.), Pheneos und Lousoi. Untersuchungen zu Geschichte und Topographie Nordostarkadiens. Grazer Altertumskundliche Studien 5, Frankfurt/Main 1999, 199–223.
  • M. Zavadil, Die Besiedlung der Peloponnes in der mittleren Bronzezeit: regionale und zeitliche Aspekte. In: G. Grabherr, B. Kainrath (Hrsg.), Akten des 15. Österreichischen Archäologentages in Innsbruck. 27. Februar – 1. März 2014. IKARUS 9, Innsbruck 2016, 455–464.
  • C. Burke, Pheneos Pottery: Provenance and Production Technology, In: Proceedings of the Second Scientific Meeting “Archaeological Work in the Peloponnese” (Β’ Επιστημονικής Συνάντησης „Το Αρχαιολογικό Έργο στην Πελοπόννησο“), Kalamata, 1–4 November 2017 (in Druck).
  • M. Zavadil, The Acropolis at Archaia Pheneos (Arcadia) in the Middle Helladic Period. Preliminary Results of the Greek-Austrian Excavations, 2011–2013, in: Proceedings of the Second Scientific Meeting “Archaeological Work in the Peloponnese” (Β’ Επιστημονικής Συνάντησης „Το Αρχαιολογικό Έργο στην Πελοπόννησο“), Kalamata, 1–4 November 2017 (in Druck).

Lectures

Vorträge

  • M. Zavadil, Archaia Pheneos: A Middle Helladic settlement in Arcadia (ÖAI Athen Fellow Lecture Series, 20.11.2018).
  • M. Zavadil, A view to recording Middle Bronze Age pottery from Greece (Documenting Material Culture (Study day, OREA, 12.06.2019).
  • C. Burke, M. Zavadil, Tradition and Adaptation: The Potting Technology of Middle Helladic Archaia Pheneos (European Meeting on Ancient Ceramics, Barcelona, 16.–18.09.2019).
  • M. Zavadil, C. Burke, G. Kordatzaki, Archaia Pheneos: A Middle Helladic settlement in Arcadia (OREA Lecture, 13.11.2019).
  • M. Zavadil, C. Burke, G. Kordatzaki, Archaia Pheneos: A Middle Helladic settlement in Arcadia (Lecture at the University of Graz, 20.11.2019).