War and peace between Mycenaean Greece and Bronze Age Italy

Historic conclusions on the basis of archaeological research and archaeo-metallurgical research


Bronze sword type Cetona from the hoard of Pila del Brancón, Veneto (© R. Jung)

This archaeological-archaeometric project is conducted by Reinhard Jung in collaboration with Mathias Mehofer (VIAS – University of Vienna), Ernst Pernicka (Curt-Engelhorn-Centre Archaeometry, Mannheim, Germany) and Ioannis Moschos (VI Ephorate of Prehistoric and Classical Antiquities, Pátra, Greece) as main collaboration partners. Numerous other partners, especially from Greece and Italy, are also involved. The project is financially supported by the Institute for Aegean Prehistory (INSTAP) in Philadelphia, USA, in 2007 and 2008. It complimented the stand-alone project on the cultural, economic and political contacts between the Aegean and Italy from 1600 to 1000 BCE, funded by the FWF – Austrian Science Fund (Project P 17912, 2005–2007) and conducted by R. Jung at the former Mycenaean Commission of the Austrian Academy of Sciences.

The aim is to assess the nature of contacts between late Mycenaean Greece and Bronze Age Italy on the basis of new data on metallurgical production and the exchange of finished products. The material basis of the project are the chemical, mass spectrometric and metallographic analyses of metal objects made of bronze, copper and lead – in detail 49 artefacts from Italy, 89 from Greece, one from Austria and two from Egypt. These finds comprise both well-known old finds and new discoveries at modern excavations that were documented and evaluated for the first time in this project.

The results of the project will be published as a monograph. Part of this monograph will be the historical and archaeological evaluation of the results by Reinhard Jung (submitted as a habilitation thesis in 2012). Contributions on the results of the analysis (R. Jung, M. Mehofer, E. Pernicka), the metallurgy (M. Mehofer) and contributions on the various finds and their archaeological context by the respective excavators or analysts in Greece and Italy will complement the volume.

Kooperationspartner


  • Mathias Mehofer (VIAS – Universität Wien)
  • Ernst Pernicka (Curt-Engelhorn-Zentrum für Archäometrie, Mannheim)
  • Ioannis Moschos (ΣΤ´ Εφορεία Προϊστορικών και Κλασικών Αρχαιοτήτων, Pátra)

Weitere Kooperationspartner


  • Alberto Cazzella und Giulia Recchia (Università Foggia)
  • Joulika Christakopoulou-Somakou (ΣΤ´ Εφορεία Προϊστορικών και Κλασικών Αρχαιοτήτων, Pátra)
  • Theodoros Giannopoulos (Pátra)
  • Anton Kern (Naturhistorisches Museum Wien)
  • Lazaros Kolonas (Εταιρεία Μελετών Μυκηναϊκής Αχαΐας, Pátra)
  • Franco Nicolis und Elena Silvestri (Soprintendenza per i Beni Archeologici della Provincia autonoma di Trento)
  • Lena Papazoglou-Manioudaki (Athen)
  • Eleni Palaiologou und Christos Piteros (Δ´ Εφορεία Προϊστορικών και Κλασικών Αρχαιοτήτων, Náfplio)
  • Thanasis Papadopoulos (Ioánnina)
  • Kostas Paschalidis (Archäologisches Nationalmuseum Athen)
  • Luciano Salzani (Verona)
  • Andreas Sotiriou (ΙΕ´ Εφορεία Προϊστορικών και Κλασικών Αρχαιοτήτων, Kefaloniá)
  • Maria Stavropoulou-Gatsi (Pátra)
  • Anna Maria Tunzi Sisto (Soprintendenza per i Beni Archeologici della Puglia)
  • Alessandro Vanzetti (Università La Sapienza, Rom)
  • Andreas Vlachopoulos (Universität Ioánnina)
  • Ägyptisches Museum und Papyrussammlung (Berlin)

Publications

Publications

  • M. Mehofer, R. Jung, Weapons and Metals – Interregional Contacts between Italy and the Eastern Mediterranean during the Late Bronze Age. In: P. Fischer (Hrsg.), The Sea Peoples Up-To-Date. New Research on the Migration of People in the 12th Century BCE. Proceedings of the ESF Exploratory Workshop: EW13-107, 3–4 November 2014, Wien (im Druck).
  • R. Jung, The Sea Peoples After Three Millennia: Possibilities and Limitations of Historical Reconstruction. In: P. Fischer (Hrsg.), The Sea Peoples Up-To-Date. New Research on the Migration of People in the 12th Century BCE. Proceedings of the ESF Exploratory Workshop: EW13-107, 3–4 November 2014, Wien (im Druck).
  • R. Jung, I. Moschos, M. Mehofer, Φονεύοντας με τον ίδιο τρόπο: Οι ειρηνικές επαφές για τον πόλεμο μεταξύ δυτικής Ελλάδας και Ιταλίας κατά τη διάρκεια των όψιμων μυκηναϊκών χρόνων. In: S. A. Paipetis, Ch. Giannopoulou (Hrsg.), Πρακτικά . Proceedings: Πολιτισμική αλληλογονιμοποίηση νότιας Ιταλίας και δυτικής Ελλάδας μέσα από την ιστορία. Cultural Cross Fertilization of Southern Italy and Western Greece through History. Pátra, ohne Jahr – 2008, 85–107.
  • R. Jung, M. Mehofer, E. Pernicka, Metal Exchange in Italy from the Middle to the Final Bronze Age (14th – 11th cent. BCE), In: P. P. Betancourt, S. C. Ferrence (Hrsg.), Metallurgy: Understanding How, Learning Why. Studies in Honor of James D. Muhly, Prehistory Monographs 29, Philadelphia 2011, 231–248.
  • R. Jung, M. Mehofer, Mycenaean Greece and Bronze Age Italy: Cooperation, Trade or War?
  • Archäologisches Korrespondenzblatt 43, 2013, 175–193.