Interactions of Prehostoric Pyrotechnics in Crafts and Trades
Sources of Raw Materials, Technological Choices and Influences on ÇUKURİÇİ HÖYÜK
The project focuses on the study of interaction in pyrotechnic crafts at Çukuriçi Höyük in western Anatolia, a hitherto singular and extensive metallurgical center of the early 3rd millennium B.C. Through the analysis of objects that can be associated with metal workshops and pottery production, a possible exchange between the craftsmen of both branches will be revealed.
The project focuses on the study of the interaction between pyrotechnic crafts in a specific prehistoric settlement. A hitherto singular and extensive metallurgical centre of the early 3rdnbsp;millennium BC (Early Bronze Age 1) was found on the settlement hill of Çukuriçi Höyük in western Anatolia, at which a large number of ceramic artefacts were found in the working and residential areas. Through a comprehensive and comparative analysis of objects that can be associated with metal workshops and pottery production, knowledge exchange between craftspeople of both specialisations will be traced. Furthermore, a hitherto neglected prehistoric cultural landscape will be investigated with archaeometric studies for the first time.
The project further aims to analyse newly identified raw material sources in the areas surrounding Çukuriçi Höyük in more detail, and compare them with existing geological data. Geological fieldwork combined with laboratory analyses enable the identification of deposits of clays and ores and thereby allow the reconstruction of the internal and external organization of an important prehistoric production centre. Questions about regional exchange relations of the prehistoric population and transfer of technology between crafts can be clarified by these methods.
In the course of this project, chemical and petrographic data of all specialists involved will be evaluated in an interdisciplinary way. The focus of the research project is craftspeople whose technological skills have been influenced by their qualifications and the resources available in the landscape. Unifying processes of metal and pottery workshops are the knowledge of appropriate sources of raw materials, their procurement, subsequent processing and production, and the exchange of these materials. Effects of both crafts on social, economic and cultural-historical phenomena are to be explained. The expected results of the project can be integrated into ongoing studies of the Research Group Prehistoric Anatolia from both a scientific and practical point of view.
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- L. Peloschek, Social Dynamics and the Development of New Pottery Signatures at Çukuriçi Höyük, Seventh to Third Millennium BC, in: B. Horejs, Çukuriçi Höyük 1. Anatolia and the Aegean from the 7th to the 3rd Millennium BC, OREA 5 (Vienna 2017) 125–137.
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- Wien, ÖAW – Pathways to the Late Neolithic of Central and Western Anatolia. The Case Studies of Çukuriçi Höyük and Çatalhöyük between 6500 and 6000 calBC. Initial Workshop of Scientific Cooperation between Çatalhöyük and Çukuriçi Höyük Teams, 18.–19.10.2018: B. Horejs – C. Burke, Neolithic pottery typology and technology.
- ÖAW Vienna, Seminar “Pottery as Tools” with P. Day (Univeristy of Sheffield), 17.03.2016: S. Eder – L. Peloschek – M. Röcklinger – Ch. Schwall, Diachronic pottery studies at Çukuriçi Höyük. Shapes, Function and Functionality.
- Wien, ERC – Prehistoric Anatolia Closing Workshop, 20.10.2016: M. Mehofer, Metallurgical evidence of LC and EBA Çukuriçi Höyük.
- Wien, ERC – Prehistoric Anatolia Closing Workshop, 21.10.2016: D. Wolf – G. Borg, Geological studies (Çukuriçi Höyük and Kaikos valley).
- ÖAW Wien, OREA, Households in Prehistory, 28.1.2016: L. Peloschek, The relevance of ceramic fabrics for the reconstruction of household activities at EBA 1 Çukuriçi Höyük.
- Lyon (Frankreich), Invited lecture at the Université Lumiere Lyon 2, 05.02.2015: L. Peloschek – J. Burlot – Y. Waksman, Archaeometric ceramic analyses in Ephesos. A diachronic perspective.
- Erzurum (Türkei), 37th International Symposium of Excavations, Surveys and Archaeometry, 11-15 May 2015, Culture and Exhibition Center of Atatürk University Erzurum, organised by the General Directorate for Cultural Heritage and Museums, 15.05.2015: L. Peloschek, Archaeometric ceramic analyses in Ephesos 2015.
- Wien (Österreich), International Workshop “Pottery Technologies and Sociocultural Connections between the Aegean and Anatolia during the 3rd Millennium BC”, Austrian Academy of Sciences, 21th-23th October 2015, Vienna, 22.10.2015: L. Peloschek, Marble-tempered ware in third Millennium BCE Anatolia.
- London (England), University College London, Institute of Archaeology, 11.11.2015: L. Peloschek, Beyond regionalism. Foreign elements in the ceramic repertoire of Çukuriçi Höyük (Western Anatolia).
- Athen, British School at Athens, Fitch-Wiener Labs Seminar Series, 19.03.2013: L. Peloschek, Cross-Craft Interactions at EBA1 Çukuriçi Höyük (Western Anatolia)? Petrographic and Geochemical Analysis of Domestic and Metallurgical Ceramic Assemblages.
- ÖAI Wien, Geoarchäologie-Workshop, 17.-18.05.2013: D. Wolf, Ephesos in der Prähistorie. Erze und nichtmetallische Rohstoffe.
- Istanbul, 4. DAI Netzwerktreffen „Produktion: Stätten, Organisation und Ablauf“, 22.-23.11.2013: L. Peloschek, Verarbeitungsprozesse von Tonrohstoffen in Ephesos.