Celts in the Traisen Valley


Iron knife from Grave 29/1982 with openwork palmette ornament on the handle end (Illustration: M. Vignoli)

Social differences and social mobility of the Celts are investigated in this project, in particular in terms of a ‘Celtic identity’. The combination of archaeological and anthropological analysis of Late Iron Age cemeteries from the Traisen Valley is of uttermost importance, since this region is one of the most densely researched archaeological areas in Austria. The La Tène cemeteries of Ossarn and Oberndorf, which show strong connections to the Champagne region, are evaluated in a transdisciplinary context. In the course of the project a detailed inventory is made, finds are restored and the archaeological material is documented and analysed. Furthermore, the scientific investigation of ceramic and bronze material compliments this work. The related anthropological studies focus primarily on the determination of age and sex, but also deal with pathological, traumatic and degenerative phenomena of skeletons to trace the living conditions of the population at that time. 

Schematic representation of Double Grave 18/2004 from Oberdorf ob der Traisen (Illustration: P. C. Ramsl)

In the subsequent analysis, the graphical representation of the costume groups (connected to data on age and gender) will represent the first step to further internal evaluations and comparisons with other cemeteries of the Traisen valley (e.g. Pottenbrunn, Inzersdorf, Herzogenburg-Kalkofen etc.). The results of this important process form the basis for contextualising the research with other Central European regions such as Moravia, Slovakia, Bohemia and northern Italy.

The FWF project has been successfully completed, the final publication is in preparation.