Digitizing Early Farming Cultures aims to create standardized and integrated research data of Neolithic and Chalcolithic sites and finds from Greece and Western Anatolia (c. 7000–3000 BC according to Greek terminology). Non-digital and digital resources from a series of research projects of the research group Prehistoric Phenomena at the OREA Institute form the basis of the project.
Greece and Western Anatolia are two neighbouring regions and the archaeological evidence from the Neolithic and Chalcolithic period is culturally closely related. However, sites and finds from this area are usually studied in isolation of each other, leading to the development of independent terminologies and chronologies. Consequently, research across the area suffers from fragmented data organized according to differing knowledge schemes, hindering collaborative research. To provide a basis for studying archaeological phenomena collaboratively across the whole region, standardization of research data is required.
The aim of this project is to harmonize existing datasets, digitize analogue data from publications and integrate metadata for easy access and data reuse. Data will be made available in an open access archaeological data management system, which complies with standards of data sharing and interoperability with related initiatives. Digitizing Early Farming Cultures will enable research across several, so far unlinked projects, for the first time. It will foster active collaboration between researchers in OREA to answer research questions concerning technological and social changes, settlement patterns, exchange and sourcing of raw materials.
The project is run by the OREA Digital Archaeology research group in collaboration with the ÖAW ACDH and the research group Anatolian Aegean Prehistoric Phenomena (AAPP).