Dienstag, 04. Dezember 2018, 17:30 - 18:30

Raw material analyses of Lower Paleolithic Artefacts from Karain Cave, Turkey

Initial results of a collaborative effort

Michael Brandl (OREA), Yavuz and Buket Aydın (University of Ankara)


Karain Cave, located approximately 30 km northwest of Antalya, is the most significant Paleolithic site in Turkey. The major importance of Karain lies in the continuous sequence of archaeological layers in the cave, which date between 500.000 and 15.500 BP with cultural remains of Lower-, Middle-, Upper- and Epi-Paleolithic periods. A collaborative effort between the OREA Raw Material Lab and the Ankara University focusses on the raw materials of chipped stone artefacts from the Lower Paleolithic layers of Karain, which are located in the E cavity of the cave.

In this lecture, we will present the first results of these investigations, which follow the Multi Layered Chert Sourcing Approach. Our results will for the first time in western Turkey allow to reconstruct Lower Paleolithic tool stone procurement behaviour and resource management based on sound analytical work, and significantly contribute to understand the behaviour, including supply areas for lithic resources, of Lower Paleolithic populations in specific geographical locations.